Selasa, 23 November 2010

PURE MANGKUNEGARAN

            Pure Mangkunegaran is the palace the residence of Sri Paduka Mangkunagara in Surakarta and built upon in 1757 by following the model of a smaller palace.
The architecture of this building has a trait in common with the palace, which is on pamedan, pavilion, pringgitan, dalem, and kaputran, which is entirely surrounded by a solid wall.
This temple was built by the Treaty of Salatiga, who initiated the establishment of Praja Mangkunegaran and two years after the implementation of the Agreement which it divides government Giyanti Java into the Sultanate and Kasunanan Surakartaoleh VOC (Kumpeni) in 1755. Surakarta royal separate after Prince Raden Mas Said continued to struggle on the VOC (Kumpeni) and the support sunan establish his own kingdom in 1757. Raden Mas Said Mangkunegoro I wear the title and establish territories on the west banks of the River Pepe (Pepe time) in downtown which is now named Solo.
Like the main building in the palace of Surakarta and Yogyakarta palace, Puro Mangkunegaran experienced some changes during the peak period of Dutch colonial rule in Central Java. These changes appear on a popular feature European decor that time.
Building parts
After the main gate will look pamedan, namely field a trining Mangkunegaran forces soldier. Former central cavalry, cavalry building is on the east pamedan. The second gate to the courtyard in the Pendopo Agung where the establishment of a measuring 3,500 meters square. Pendopo that can accommodate five to ten thousand people, for years considered the largest Pendopo in Indonesia. Wooden pillars supporting the roof-shaped square joglo taken from trees growing in forests in the hills Mangkunegaran Wonogiri. The entire building was set up without using nails. In this hall there are four sets of gamelan, one in use on a regular basis and three others are used only in a special ceremony.
Yellow and green colors dominate the color of the Pendopo is pari anom (young rice) colors typical Mangkunegaran family. Ornate ceiling light-colored pendopo astrology symbolizes Hindu-Javanese and the ceiling was hanging rows of antique chandeliers. At first the people in attendance at the pavilion sat cross-legged on the floor. New chair was introduced in the late 19th century, when government Mangkunagara VI.
Place behind the Pendopo there is an terrace open, which is named Pringgitan, which has stairs to the Dalem Ageng, an indoor area of 1,000 square meters, which is traditionally a royal wedding bedroom, now serves as a museum. Besides showing off petanen (where persemayaman Dewi Sri) which plated woven silk, which became the center of attention of visitors, the museum is also showing off jewelry, weapons, clothing, medals, equipment puppets, coins, pictures of kings and Mangkunegaran objets d'art.
In the middle of Puro Mangkunegaran behind Dalem Ageng, there Mangkunegaran family residence. This place, which still has a quiet atmosphere is like at a country house owned by the nobles, now used by the royal family. Garden in the inside is overgrown with flowering trees and ornamental shrubs, also a nature reserve with a cage containing the birds chirping, the statues of classical European models, as well as butterfly with a colorful shower water is moving under sunlight. Overlooking the park is open, is a Home Dalem, the angle of eight, where there are European chandeliers and beautiful furnishings. Glass-mounted gold-framed glass lined the walls. From the veranda to look into the dining room with stained glass picture window that contains a view in Java, the locker room and dressing of the king's daughter, and a beautiful bathroom.
Remnants of which still seems unclear at this time is a library that was founded in 1867 by Mangkunagara IV. The library is situated second floor, above the Palace Affairs Office on the left pamedan. Libraries wooden shutters wide open for sunlight to enter, until now still used by historians and students. They can find a leather-bound manuscript, books a variety of languages, especially Java language, many collections of historic photographs and the data on the plantation and other Mangkunegaran ownership.

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